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精品推荐:中华民国三年.中华民国十年造袁大头一组

字号+ 作者:管理员 来源:资讯在线 2020-04-09 14:51:01

精品推荐:中华民国三年.中华民国十年造袁大头一组

精品推荐:中华民国三年.中华民国十年造袁大头一组
Excellent product recommendation: three years of the Republic of China, ten years of the Republic of China


重分别:26.6g 26.9g   直径:3.9cm

袁大头是民国时期主要流通货币之一,袁大头是对袁世凯像系列硬币的口语俗称,严谨点说叫袁世凯像背嘉禾银币。北洋政府为了整顿币制,划一银币,于民国三年(1914年)二月,颁布《国币条例》十三条,决定实行银本位制度。《国币条例》规定:以库平纯银六钱四分八厘为价格之单位,定名为圆一圆银币,总重七钱二分,银八九,铜一一一圆银币用数无限制,即以一圆银币为无限法偿的本位贷币。根据这一规定,于191412月及19152月, 先后由造币总厂及江南造币厂开铸一圆银币,币面镌刻袁世凯头像,俗称袁头币袁大头

Yuan Datou was one of the main circulating currencies in the Republic of China. Yuan Datou is a colloquial term for Yuan Shikai's series of coins, which is strictly called "Yuan Shikai carries Jiahe silver coins on his back". In order to rectify the currency system, the Beiyang government unified silver coins. In February of the third year of the Republic of China (1914), it promulgated 13 articles of the national currency regulations and decided to implement the silver standard system. According to the regulations of the state on currency, the unit with the price of 6.4% and 8.0% of the bank level pure silver is named as yuan, one yuan silver coin with the total weight of 7.2% silver, 89% silver and 11% copper, and the number of one yuan silver coin is unlimited, that is to say, one yuan silver coin is used as the standard loan currency for unlimited repayment. According to this regulation, in December 1914 and February 1915, the general mint and Jiangnan Mint successively issued a silver coin with the head of Yuan Shikai engraved on it, commonly known as "Yuan tou coin" or "Yuan Da tou".

铸造跨度从1914年至1929年,总发行量超过7.5 亿枚。该系列币分别重26.6克、13.3克、5.3克和2.6克;成色分别为89.1%84.5%80.4%82.5%;该币的外环主要是直齿边,另外,还铸有少量工字边和花齿边。

清朝灭亡之后,19124月袁世凯出任大总统北洋政府鉴于当时铸币、纸币十分复杂,流通的中外货币在百种以上,规格不一,流通混乱,折算繁琐,民众积怨,同时也想借助货币改制以解决军费问题,便决定铸发国币。袁世凯为了提高自己的统治地位,把他的头像铸于币面,袁大头由此而来。

The casting span was from 1914 to 1929, with a total circulation of over 750 million pieces. The series weighs 26.6g, 13.3g, 5.3g and 2.6g respectively; the fineness is 89.1%, 84.5%, 80.4% and 82.5% respectively; the outer ring of the coin is mainly straight toothed, in addition, there are a small number of I-shaped and flower toothed edges.

After the fall of the Qing Dynasty, Yuan Shikai became president in April 1912. In view of the complexity of coinage and paper money, the circulation of more than 100 kinds of Chinese and foreign currencies, different specifications, chaotic circulation, complicated conversion, and people's resentment, the Beiyang government also wanted to solve the problem of military expenditure by means of currency restructuring, so it decided to cast and issue national currency. In order to improve his ruling position, Yuan Shikai cast his head on the coin, and "yuan Dazou" came from this.

袁大头在货币收藏界被称为银元之宝,它是中国近千种近代银币中流传最广、影响最大的银元品种,也是近代中国币制变革中的一个重要角色。

光绪年间,由于各省铸造银元,却和当初铸造纹银一样,不仅重量和成色不能统一,数量上也难以控制。辛亥革命爆发,各省因急于用款,不仅加工赶铸银元,还滥铸铜圆,滥发钞票和军用票,币制更加混乱。

民国建立后,中央财政几乎有出无入,财政危机十分严重。从短期来说,发行纸币亦不失为敛财妙法,只是纸币是银元的代表者,是兑换券,若没有银元的充分准备和广泛流通,纸币信用亦难确立。此时此刻,币制改革已是刻不容缓———“袁大头银元正是基于此而诞生的,也是银元发展的必然结果。经过多年铸造,加上其信誉很高,袁大头数量增多,流通渐广,虽僻处边陬,也有其踪迹袁大头银元的通行促进了银元的统一,也为废两改元准备了条件。

"Yuan Datou" is known as the treasure of silver dollar in the field of currency collection. It is the most popular and influential silver dollar variety among nearly one thousand modern silver coins in China, and it is also an important role in the currency system reform of modern China.

In the Guangxu period, as silver coins were cast in various provinces, they were the same as the original silver grains, not only the weight and quality could not be unified, but also the quantity could not be controlled. With the outbreak of the 1911 Revolution, provinces were eager to use money, not only to process and cast silver dollars, but also to cast copper coins, issue notes and military tickets indiscriminately, making the currency system more chaotic.

After the establishment of the Republic of China, the central government's finance was almost out of the country, and the financial crisis was very serious. In the short run, the issue of paper money is also a good way to make money. But paper money is the representative of silver dollar and the exchange voucher. Without the full preparation and wide circulation of silver dollar, it is difficult to establish the credit of paper money. At this moment, the reform of currency system is urgent - "yuan Datou" silver dollar is born on this basis, and it is also the inevitable result of the development of silver dollar. After many years of casting and high reputation, the number of "yuan Dadou" increased and its circulation gradually widened. Although it is in a secluded area, it also has its traces. The passage of "yuan Datou" silver dollar promoted the unification of silver dollar, and also prepared the conditions for "Abolishing two yuan to change".

袁大头普通币上面(正面)为袁世凯左侧五分像,上铸中华民国X中华民国X年造中文繁体,具有很高的历史文化研究价值,寓意民主、共和、宪政及君主立宪之思想希冀。

下面(背面)为嘉禾之图案,古称生长奇异的禾,古人以之为吉祥的征兆。亦泛指生长茁壮的禾稻。典出《尚书·周书·微子之命》:唐叔得禾,异亩同颖,献诸天子。铸在钱币之上寓意国家重视农桑、以民生为本;其另一思想取其家和之谐音,寓意家和万事兴”之意;

铸币之上当政者有国泰民安吉祥如意之愿景,民间收藏,寓意家和万事兴之吉祥之宝,故有很高的收藏研究价值。

On the top (front) of the common currency of yuan Datou is the left Pentagram of Yuan Shikai, on which the traditional Chinese characters of "year X of the Republic of China" or "year X of the Republic of China" are cast, which has a high value of historical and cultural research and implies the ideological hope of "democracy, Republic, constitutionalism and constitutional monarchy".

Below (on the back) is the pattern of Jiahe, which was called the strange growth of he in ancient times. The ancients took it as a sign of auspiciousness. It also generally refers to the growing and strong rice. According to the book of history, ZhouShu, the life of a micro son: "Tang shudehe, with different mu, offered to the emperor. Cast on coins, it means that the country attaches importance to farming and people's livelihood, and its other thought takes the homophony of family harmony, which means "family and everything prospers";

The rulers above the coins have the vision of national peace, good luck and good luck, folk collection, and auspicious treasure of "home and everything", so they have a high value of collection and research.

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